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Plant Cell Organelles Simplified

Examples of Organelles in Plant Cells

Knowing the major organelles in a plant cell is important to learning the major functions carried out by cells plants.

Central Vacuole

In plants, the central vacuole is a membrane enclosed space in the center of the cell, and is filled with water. This vacuole often the largest structure inside the cell and keeps the plant rigid.

Centriole

 

Cell Wall: The cell wall is the rigid outermost cell layer found in plants. In plants, the cell wall is made up of cellulose, and is crucial to cell function.  Animal cells do not have a cell wall.

http://library.thinkquest.org/C004535/cell_wall.html
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Nucleus: Organization and expression of the genetic material(DNA).
Diagram_human721px-NuclearPore

 

Rough ER: Protein synthesis, sorting, and secretion.
ER_NIH
Smooth ER: Detoxification and lipid Synthesis.
ch1_smoothER

Golgi Apparatus: Modification, sorting and secretion of lipids and proteins.
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Peroxisome: Breakdown of hydrogen peroxide and other harmful molecules.
-Peroxisome

Chloroplast: Location of photosynthesis.
Chloroplast

Mitochondrion: Location of ATP synthesis.
Mitochondrion

Centrosome: Site where microtubules grow and centrioles are found.
Centrosome

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