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Karlton Tatum

I am currently a student at Prairie View A&M University

Sexual Vs. Asexual Reproduction

Asexual Reproduction Occurs when offspring are produced from a single parent, without the fusion of gametes from two parents. The offspring are clones of the parent. Advantages Even if isolated from its own species, an animal can reproduce. Organisms can reproduce rapidly because there is no need to seek out, attract, or mate with the opposite sex. Very efficient way …

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What are Enzymes Simplified

So What are Enyzmes? A catalyst is an agent that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction without being consumed during the reaction. The most common catalyst are Enzymes, protein molecules that accelerate chemical reactions. An Enzyme works by binding to one or more specific molecules called substrates. This occurs at the enzymes active site. The binding between an …

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Chromosomes Vs. Chromatids Simplified

Chromosomes:Inside the nucleus are the chromosomes. Each chromosome is made of genetic material, DNA, and many types of proteins that help to fit chromosomes inside the nucleus; it is a single piece of coiled shaped DNA with genes and nucleotide sequences. Chromatid:During interphase, chromosomes are replicated. After replication, the two duplicated chromosomes are still joined to each other and referred …

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What is Meiosis Simplified

What is Meiosis? Meiosis is a two-part cell division process that takes place in sexually reproductive organisms. Put simply, meiosis is a special type of┬ácell division necessary for sexual reproduction. Stages There are two stages of Meiosis: Meiosis I & II Meosis I Purpose? To separate Homologous Chromosomes Like mitosis, meiosis begins after a cell has progressed through the G1, …

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Exons Simplified

What are Exons? In preRNA there are exons and introns. Exons are the sequence of nucleotides that are connected to each other after the process of alternative splicing. “In a nut shell” , exons are the nucleotides needed to produce the mRNA while introns are the “non-coded” sequences that are removed during the splicing process. Function Each of the exons …

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Introns Simplified

So What Are Introns? As DNA is being transcribed into RNA there are often regions of “junk” DNA that are removed before the final (mature) mRNA is produced.┬áThese “nonprotein-coding regions” are called introns. The other DNA that is transcribed into RNA or “protein-coding regions” are called exons. Introns are the “junk” DNA bases found between this sequence. To learn more …

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Comparing Mitosis vs. Meiosis

What is the purpose of Meiosis? Meiosis produces the gametes or the “sex cells” such as sperm and eggs. Meiosis goes through two divisions, one in meiosis 1 and one in meiosis 2. In the end, it results in four cells and each cell only contains half of the genetic material. What is the purpose of Mitosis? The primary purpose …

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What Is Fiber & What It Does For Your Diet

Fiber is an important dietary nutrient that helps move food through the body's digestive system. Fiber plays an important role by protecting the body from

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